Abrasion resistance is a major factor in determining the lifespan of many textile products. It is influenced by all parts of a fabric’s hierarchy: by the fibre, by the yarn structure, and by the webbing construction type.
Abrasion is a wear process. Wear is erosion or movement that occurs on a solid surface when it comes into contact with another surface and includes adhesive wear, abrasion, surface fatigue, erosion and fretting wear. Tribology is the umbrella term that describes wear, friction and the interaction of surfaces.
Abrasion occurs during all aspects of a textile’s life-cycle: during manufacture, use, and during cleaning. It affects the appearance of a textile, but may also influence its strength and functionality.
Abrasion testing must replicate the real-life conditions that a textile will encounter during its lifespan. There are many different options for abrasion testing, though they are all based on similar principles.