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‘Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field that applies the principles of engineering and life sciences towards the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain or improve tissue function ‘   Langer, R. and J. Vacanti, Tissue Engineering. Science, 1993. 260(14 May): p. 920-925

The field itself is still in its infancy and although the basic techniques are now well established, there is still much development work required to reliably produce functional tissue.

To engineer a neo-tissue in vitro requires appropriate cells, a scaffold and optimal culturing conditions (Fig. 1).  Much of the current research is focused on creating scaffolds from bioresorbable materials.

Bioabsorbable re sized

Figure 1. Tissue Engineering